Native to Europe, Chamaerops humilis grows best in Mediterranean climates where winters are cool and summers hot and dry. Tough and undemanding, this palm grows to a height of 3 m and has large, fan-shaped fronds which are usually split at the ends.
Known as a very variable species, the Mediterranean Fan Palm can range from a dwarf, ground-hugging, multi-stemmed suckering shrub to a tall, single trunked plant with drooping, large leaves. The colour of the foliage is also varied and can be dark, grey-green to bright green. In general, the tree develops multiple stems as it matures and has a tendency to form suckers along the stems which makes it appear very shrubby.
Chamaerops humilis is a hardy palm that can withstand cold and is tolerant of dry and windy conditions. Although it has a fairly slow growth rate, the tree requires very little maintenance and can be used successfully in a container. In addition, this rustic palm can act as a barrier since the leaf stalks are spiny.